Bangladesh

The Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers were natural arteries for communication and transportation. The geography of Bangladesh is divided between three regions. Most of the country is dominated by the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra delta; the northwest and central parts of the country are formed by the Madhupur and the Barind plateaus. The northeast and southeast are home to evergreen hill ranges. The Ganges delta is formed by the confluence of the Ganges (local name Padma or Pôdda), Brahmaputra (Jamuna or Jomuna), and Meghna rivers and their respective tributaries. Bangladesh is divided into eight administrative like Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur and Sylhet. Divisions are subdivided into districts or zilla. There are 64 districts in Bangladesh. Dhaka is Bangladesh's capital and largest city. Cities include Dhaka South, Dhaka North, Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur, Comilla and Gazipur. Other major cities include Mymensingh, Gopalganj, Jessore, Bogra, Dinajpur, Tongi, Brahmanbaria, Saidpur, Narayanganj, Narsingdi, Nawabganj and Rangamati. Bangla is the official language, but English is sometimes used secondarily for official purposes. Although laws were historically written in English and English is used as a second language by the middle and upper classes, and is widely used in higher education. Sufism has a lengthy heritage in the region. The largest gathering of Muslims in Bangladesh is the Bishwa Ijtema, held annually by the Tablighi Jamaat. The Ijtema is the second-largest Muslim congregation in the world, after the Hajj.

Straddling the Tropic of Cancer, Bangladesh's climate is tropical with a mild winter from October to March, and a hot, humid summer from March to June. A warm and humid monsoon season lasts from June to October and supplies most of the country's rainfall. Bangladesh is in the Indomalaya ecozone. Its ecology includes a long sea coastline, numerous rivers and tributaries, lakes, wetlands, evergreen forests, semi evergreen forests, hill forests, deciduous forests, freshwater swamp forests and flat land with tall grass. The country has up to 6000 species of plant life, including 5000 flowering plants. Water bodies and wetland systems provide a habitat for many aquatic plants. Water lilies and lotuses grow vividly during the monsoon season. The country has 50 wildlife sanctuaries. Bangladesh is home to much of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, covering an area of 6,000 square kilometers in the southwest region. It is divided into three protected sanctuaries–the South, East and West zones. The forest is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Bangladesh has one of the largest population of Irrawaddy dolphins and Ganges dolphins.

Bangladesh is a land of unspoiled nature, rich cultural heritage and exotic beauty with potential country for tourism among the South Asian countries. The country is blessed with the three world’s amazing eco-tourism spots of diverse nature – The Sundarbans, largest mangrove forest of the world having with rich bio-diversity and wide range of wildlife habitat including the world famous Royal Bengal Tiger and being the heritage site. The second important sector is the rich tribal life of Chittagong hill tracts where over than 13 indigenous groups forming a cultural landscape on the hilly topography, the ancient ruins of Mohasthangarh, Paharpur, Moinamati, Salban Bihar, the folkart tradition of Sonargoan of 300 BC. Third sector is the most enchanting dreamland of tourism, Sylhet which is popularly known as the land Tea, occupying area lying between the Khasia and Jointia hills on the north, and the Tripura hills of India on the south. The world’s largest tea gardens and the most fascinated tribal people like Monipure, Tripura, Khasia and Garo with their primitive life style and cultural excellence.

Specialised tour for Bird Watching, Folklore, Music, Tribal Dance, Restaurants, River Cruise, Shopping, Scuba Diving, Monuments, Beaches, Islands, Tribal Life and Wildlife Packages are made available through us. Tourist attractions include historical and monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife of various species. Activities for tourists include angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting and sea bathing

A list of protected areas of Bangladesh are Aila Bee Wildlife Sanctuary, Ata Danga Baor Wildlife Sanctuary, Banshkhali Eco Park, Bhawal National Park, Bil Bhatia Wildlife Sanctuary, Bogakine Lake Wildlife, Sanctuary, Chalan Beel Wildlife Sanctuary, Char Kukri-Mukri Wildlife Sanctuary, Chimbuk Wildlife Sanctuary, Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary, Companigonj Wildlife Sanctuary, Dakhar Haor Wildlife Sanctuary, Dubriar Haor Wildlife Sanctuary, Dulahazara Safari Park, Erali Beel Wildlife Sanctuary, Fasiakhali Wildlife Sanctuary, Hail Haor Wildlife Sanctuary, Hakaluki Haor Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazarikhil Wildlife Sanctuary, Himchari National Park, Jinjira Reefs, Kaptai National Park, Kawadighi Wildlife, Sanctuary, Kawadighi Haor Wildlife Sanctuary, Khadimnagar National Park, Kuakata Eco Park, Kuri Beel Wildlife Sanctuary, Lawachara National Park, Madhabkunda Eco Park, Madhupur National Park, Madhutila Eco Park, Meda Beel Wildlife Sanctuary, Naaf River Wildlife Sanctuary, Nijhum Dweep National Park, Pablakhali Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajkandi Wildlife Sanctuary, Ramsagar National Park, Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary, Sangu Matamuhari, Satchari National Park, Sitakunda Eco Park, Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans South Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans West Wildlife Sanctuary, Tangua Haor Nature Reserve, Teknaf Game Reserve and West Bhanugach Wildlife Sanctuary

Notable Historic monuments of Bangladesh are Greek Memorial, National Martyrs' Memorial, Martyred Intellectuals Memorial, SuhrawardyUdyan or Ramna Race Course ground, Mosque City of Bagerhat, Ahsan Manzil, Zia Memorial Museum, Lalbagh Fort, Shiva Temple. Architecture in religious structure are BaitulMukarram resembles, Shorno Mandir (Golden Temple) at Bandarban, BaitulMukarram is world's tenth largest mosque, Shat Gombuj Mosque (Sixty Dome Mosque), Mosque City of Bagerhat, Dhakeshwari Temple, HoseniDalan a Shia shrine, Sixty Dome Mosque

Ancient ruins are Wari-Bateshwar built in 450 BC, Somapura Mahavihara, Mainamati, Mahasthangarh at Bogra are three sites worth visiting - Middle age ruins are Sonargaon, Ahsan Manzil, Bara Katra - British Architecture includes Curzon Hall & Northbrook Hall - Modern Architecture are, Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban i.e. Parliamentary Building, National Museum & Taj Mahal Bangladesh. Bengal's most celebrated artistic tradition is the weaving of Jamdani motifs on fine muslin, which is now classified by UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage. Jamdani motifs were similar to Iranian textile art (Buta Motifs) and Western textile art (Paisley).

The music of Bangladesh features the Baul mystical tradition, listed by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Intangible Cultural Heritage. Numerous lyric-based musical traditions, varying from one region to the next, exist, including Gombhira, Bhatiali and Bhawaiya.

Pohela Boishakh, the Bengali New Year, is the major festival of Bengali culture and sees widespread festivities. Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Milad un Nabi, Muharram, Chand Raat, Shab-e-Barat; the Hindu festivals of Durga Puja, Janmashtami and Rath Yatra; the Buddhist festival of Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha and Christian festival of Christmas are most celebrated in the country.

Transport is a major sector of the economy of Bangladesh. Aviation has grown rapidly, and includes the flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines and other privately owned airlines. The airport is the hub of most of the private airlines in Bangladesh, including Biman Bangladesh Airlines, Regent Airways, Novoair and US-Bangla Airlines. Bangladesh has 03 international airports, 06 domestic airports and 06 STOL (Short Take-off and Landing) ports, with 1 new domestic airport under construction. It also has several airstrips, some built during World War II. The busiest, Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport (DAK) connects Dhaka with major destinations. Bangladesh has a 2,706-kilometre rail network operated by state-owned Bangladesh Railway. The total length of the country's road and highway network is nearly 21,000 kilometres. In contrast to practice in other nations, Bangladesh has Four ministries responsible for transportation within country. They are Road safety i.e. Road Transport and Bridges, Rail transport, Civil aviation & Maritime transport i.e. Shipping It has one of the largest inland waterway networks in the world, with 8,046 kilometres of navigable waters. The south-eastern port of Chittagong is its busiest seaport and the second-busiest seaport is Mongla. Bangladesh has three seaports and 22 river ports. It is strongly recommended to buy first class tickets when travelling by train or launch. The price difference between first and second class is mostly negligible.

General Info

Capital: Dhaka
Coordinates: 23°42′N 90°21′E
Official language: Bengali
Ethnic groups: Bengalis
Religion: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity
Demonym: Bangladeshi
Government: Unitary Parliamentary Republic
Area: 147,570 Square kilometers
Population: 2011 census: 149,772,364
Density: 1,106/km2
Currency: Taka
Time zone: BST (UTC+6)
Date format: dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the: Left
Calling code: +880
ISO 3166 code: BD
Internet TLD: .bd
Website: bangladesh.gov.bd
Formation and independence: Partition of Bengal: 14–15 August 1947

Places of Interest

Sundarban Mangrove
Chittagong Hills
Srimangal
Rangamati
Paharpur
St Martins Island
Gaur
Sylhet
Barisal
Dhaka
Puthia
Bagerhat
Cox Bazar
Sonargaon
Jessore
Khulna
Mymensingh
Rajshahi
Rangpur
Tangail

Location Map



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